Assam is synonymous with unspoiled natural beauty, teeming wildlife, immaculate tea gardens and warm, beautiful people. It's strategic location in the northeast of India, and it's accessibility from the rest of the country makes it the gateway to the northeastern states. It shares borders with Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and West Bengal: and has National Highways leading to their capital cities. Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh.
The Brahmaputra Valley is an alluvial plain about 724 kms in length and 81 kms in breadth. It is enclosed on the north by the mighty Himalayas, south by the Garo, Khasi, Jaintia and Naga Hills. The Brahmaputra, the lifeline of the valley which shares it's name, floods the nearby land with fertile silt every year to ensure a rich harvest.
To the south of the valley are the charming hills of Karbi Anglong. Further south are the North Cachar Hills. Located here, amidst beautiful orchards, is Assam's only hill station, Haflong.The southern part of Assam is the Barak Valley, which derives its name from the Barak river. This region is a treasure trove of untouched natural beauty.
Green is the predominant colour of the state with an impressive 35% forest cover and thousands of hectares under tea cultivation. Assam has five national parks including the World Heritage Sites of Kazirnaga and Manas, and 20 Wildlife sanctuaries. The great Indian one-horned rhinocerous is one of Assam's most famous denizens.
Tourist Attractions of Assam are Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Kamakhya Devi Temple, Nabagraha Temple, Umananda Temple, Basisthashram, Madan Kamdev, Haflong Poa-Mecca, Da-Parbatia, Agnigarh are the major tourist attractions in Assam. There are many popular Assam travel destination circuits like Guwahati-Shillong-Guwahati, Guwahati-Kaziranga-Guwahati, Guwahati-Sibsagar-Jorhat-Majuli-Guwahati, Guwahati-Manas-Guwahati etc.
Carved from the erstwhile State of Assam, Meghalaya became a full-fledged State on January 21,1972. Bounded on the North and East by Assam and on the South and West by Bangladesh, Meghalaya is spread over an area of 22, 429 square kilometres, and lies between 20.1 N and 26.5 N latitude and 85.49 E and 92.52 E longitude. The State enjoys a temperate climate. It is directly influenced by the South-West Monsoon and the northeast winter wind. The four seasons of Meghalaya are: Spring - March and April, summer (Monsoon) - May to September, autumn -October and November and winter - December to February. The Monsoon usually starts by the third week of May and continues right to the end of September and sometimes well into the middle of October. Maximum rainfall occurs over the southern slopes of the Khasi Hills, i.e. over the Sohra and the Mawsynram platform, which receives the heaviest rainfall in the world.
Meghalaya's main ethnic communities, each having its own distinctive customs and cultural traditions are the Khasis (of Mon-Khmer ancestry), the Garos (of Tibeto-Burman origin) and the Jaintias said to be from South East Asia. The common trait binding all three communities is its matrilineal system in which the family linage is taken from the mother's side. The people of Meghalaya are known to be hospitable, cheerful and friendly.