Rajasthan, the largest state of India was formed on 30 March 1949 with Jaipur as the state capital. Once known as the 'Land of the Kings', the state still retains the glory and richness of those times with its marvelous monuments, colourful traditions and customs. It covers most of the area of the Great Indian desert (Thar Desert) with one edge paralleling the Sutlej - Indus river valley along with its border with Pakistan. It borders Pakistan to the west, the Indian state of Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north.Rajasthani and Hindi are the widely used languages in the state.
Rajasthan is home of the valiant Rajputs known for their bravery and chivalry, Rajasthan is said to have been a region where human settlement dated back to the early historical period. Archaeological excavations establish a connection with the Harappan culture, which dates to about 1000BC. In the period from 3000-500BC this region formed a part of the river valley inhabitation. The relics of Virat also speaks of the area being inhabited by the Pre-Aryan people of the oldest called Push Karara Nanya (modern Pushkar in Ajmer).
The state is divided into 10 agro-climatic zones and encompasses most of the area of the large Great Indian Desert (The Thar Desert), which runs parallel to the Sutlej-Indus river valley along the border with Pakistan. The state is bordered by Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the south-west, Madhya Pradesh to the south-east, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the north-east and Punjab to the north.
Rajasthan capital: the Jaipur city also known as pink city. Rajasthan having a very diverse climatic conditions. In summers, it reaches 49 feels like steaming hot and in winters, at some places, it reaches below freezing temperature. Other thing about Rajasthan is it have one of the oldest mountain range known as Aravali range. Aravali range of Rajasthan also features a beautiful place Maunt Abu also famous for its Dilwada temples.
|Area||342,239 sq km|
|No. of District||33|
|Famous Rivers & Lakes||Luni, Banas, Kali Sindh, Chambal, Jawal etc.|
|Forests & National Park||Keoladeo NP, Ranthambore NP, Bassi WS, Tal Chhapar WS, National Chambal WS etc.|
|Neighbours State||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab|
|Languages||Rajasthani, Marwari, Mewari, Dhundhari, Mewati and Harauti, Hindi, Punjabi|